Cambridge Ecce Romani Latin for the New Millennium Wheelock Disce Allen & Greenough None of the above

Brev. V.3.1

After the Gallic and German threat had been eliminated…

          Sex. Iulio Caesare et L. Marcio Philippo consulibus,

          sexcentesimo quinquagesimo nono anno ab urbe condita,

      cum prope alia omnia bella cessarent,

in Italia gravissimum bellum Picentes, Marsi Pelignique moverunt


      cum annis numerosis iam populo Romano obedirent,

    tum libertatem sibi aequam adserere coeperunt. 





  • Sex... consulibus: This dates the event to 91 BCE. AblAbs
  • Sexcentesimo ... ab urbe condita: To supplement the dating from the consuls, Eutropius also provides a date ab urbe condita (AUC), "from the founding of the city." In order to calculate this date, take 753 BCE (the traditional date of the founding of Rome) - # AUC + 1 = ?BCE. Here, it is 659 AUC or 95 BCE. Eutropius, however, is often a little off on his dates since he is writing some 400 years after the fact. The date actually was 91 BCE. AblAbs
  • Picentes, Marsi, Pelignique: These are different Italic tribes, which rose against Rome. Other tribes, who joined the rebellion, included the Marsi, Picentines, Paeligni, Marrucini, Vestini, Frentani, Samnites, and Hirpini. For a map of where the tribes came from, see here.
  • bellum ... moverunt: Another idiom involving bellum, translate as "they began a war."
  • cum... obedirent... tum ... adserere coeperunt: Translate cum ... tum as "not only... but also." Annis numerosis as an ablative shows time within which. AblTime
  • populo Romano obedirent: Obedirent takes a dative as its object. DatComp
  • libertatem ... aequam adserere coeperunt: These tribes - the Picentes, Marsi, and Peligni - were socii or allies of the Roman Republic. As such, they were entitled to certain privileges, but they still were not granted full Roman citizenship.

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